THE GREAT PAWNEE SEAL
The name, Pawnee, is probably derived from parika, a horn, a term used to designate the peculiar manner of dressing the scalp-lock, by which the hair was stiffened with paint and fat, and made to stand erect and curved like a horn. This marked features of the Pawnee gave currency to the name and its application to cognate tribes. The people called themselves Chahiksichahiks, `men of men.'
The following is the official internet site of the Pawnee Nation of Oklahoma:
The Pawnee originally were located in an area roughly in Nebraska, South Dakota and Kansas as shown on the map below:
Map Showing location of Pawnee Indians
The Pawnee Tribe then, as it is now, was composed of four distinct bands: the Chaui "Grand"; the Kitkehahki, "Republican"; the Pitahawirata, "Tappage"; and Skidi, "Wolf". Each band went on separate hunts and often fought separate battles. This is according to the official site of the Pawnee Tribe listed at the beginning.
Pawnee Chief - Tarecawawaho
A chief of note was Tarecawawaho. Tarecawawaho was a brave and enterprising leader, as indeed those usually are who obtain power in these warlike tribes; for the office of chief is no sinecure among a people so continually exposed to various dangers. He had also a large share of that pride, the offspring of ignorance, which is often the principal ingredient in the magnificence of sovereignty, and especially in the savage state.
When invited to visit the President of the
Pawnee Chief - Sharitarish
Sharitarish was of noble form and fine bearing; he was six feet tall, and well proportioned; and when mounted on the fiery steed of the prairie, was a graceful and very imposing person age. His people looked upon him as a great brave, and the young men especially regarded him as a person who was designed to great distinction.
After his return from
Pawnee Chief - Ishcatape
Sharitarish was succeeded by his brother Ishcatape, the wicked chief, a name given him by the
In 1864 Indian attacks along the
While on his way to
The officers at
Buffalo Bill Cody
An example of the scouting abilities of the Pawnees took place during the 5th Cavalry's Republican River Expedition in 1869. Buffalo Bill Cody accompanied this expedition and saw first hand the skills of the Pawnee scouts. During the expedition, the 5th Cavalry followed a horseshoe shaped trail that traversed more than 150 miles across
Pawnee Scout - White Horse
The Pawnee scouts played a pivotal role over the next thirteen years in helping the U.S. Army defeat Indians at war with the
Major Frank North
In 1867 Captain North was made major of a battalion of four companies of Pawnees, fifty Indians in each company. They were armed with the new Spencer repeating rifles or "seven shooters" and their special duty was to protect the workmen in building the Union Pacific Railroad. The hostile Indians had nearly stopped its construction by killing men, burning stations and running off stock.
Treatment by the U.S. Government
The Pawnee battalion took up this work with delight. It had 300 miles of road from Plum Creek (now
Lexington), in to the Laramie Plains, to protect. The Sioux were completely surprised when they found their old enemy the Pawnees on their trail, with good horses and rifles and the Dawson County back of them. After one or two sharp skirmishes, in which they were chased long distances with loss, their raids on the railroad became rare. United States
Although the Pawnees never waged open war against the U.S. Government and were classified as a "friendly tribe", extra privileges were not gained. The government felt the need to placate warring tribes with gifts, which sometimes consisted of rifles to hunt buffalo. These rifles were in turn used against other tribes, including the Pawnees, who were not so fortunately armed.
The Pawnees unwillingly ceded their lands to the U.S. Government in 1833, 1848, 1857 and 1872.
Move to Oklohoma - 1875
In 1875 the Pawnee Indians were moved from their reservation in Nebraska to a reservation in Oklahoma.
The following map shows where their reservation is located in Oklahoma
Oklahoma Territory Map - Shows location of the Pawnee Tribe
Today, the tribal enrollment numbers a little over 2,500 members and Pawnees can be found in all areas of the United States as well as foreign countries in many walks of life. Pawnees take much pride in their ancestral heritage. They are noted in history for their tribal religion, rich in myth, symbolism and elaborate rites.